flora de tenerife

Tenerife Plants: Flora of Tenerife and Characteristics

Tenerife plants are a jewel of the Canary archipelago, a paradise on Earth that combines exuberant landscapes with a rich diversity of species.

In this article, we will delve into the world of Tenerife flora, presenting a selection of unique plants that adorn this island, while making sure to respect copyright when using plant images available in the public domain. Join us on this journey through the exuberant flora of Tenerife!

8 Tenerife plants

These are typical plants from the Flora of Tenerife:

1. Red Tajinaste (Echium wildpretii)

typical plants of Tenerife

The Red Tajinaste is an emblematic plant of Tenerife. Its tall spikes loaded with vibrant red flowers create a stunning display in spring and early summer. This plant is endemic to the Canary Islands and is an attraction for both locals and visitors. You can find it in the mountains, close to the Teide’s summit.

2. Canary Dragon Tree (Dracaena draco)

canary dragon

The Dragon Tree is one of the most iconic natural symbols of the flora of Tenerife. It is an ancient tree distinguished by its thick, branched trunk and its umbrella shape. It is considered one of the oldest trees in the world and can live for centuries.

3. Canary Pine (Pinus canariensis)

pinus canariensis

The Canary Pine is one of the most typical Tenerife plants, with long and flexible needles that cover vast areas of the island. It is crucial to the island’s ecosystem and has played a vital role in soil conservation and erosion prevention.

4. Cruet (Rumex lunaria)


The Vinagrera is a plant that is commonly found in Tenerife and Lanzarote. Its green, serrated leaves are used in local cuisine, providing an acidic touch to salads and other dishes. It is an adaptable plant that grows in a variety of environments.

5. Blue Tajinaste (Echium callithyrsum)

blue tajinaste

Another member of the tajinaste family, the Blue Tajinaste, is equally impressive. Its bell-shaped blue flowers attract bees and other pollinators, contributing to the island’s biodiversity.

6. Cardón (Euphorbia canariensis)

canary cardon

Cardón, or Euphorbia canariensis, is a plant found in Tenerife and other Canary Islands. It is often called “canary cardón” and is a succulent plant that grows as a bush or small tree. Its succulent green stems and prickly leaves allow it to survive in arid climates. The Cardón adds a touch of exoticism to the island’s landscape with its unique appearance.

7. Sabina (Juniperus cedrus)


The Sabina is a small tree found in Tenerife. Its aromatic wood has historically been used in construction and furniture manufacturing. It is an important part of the cultural and natural heritage of the island.

8. Almácigo (Pistacia atlantica)


The Almácigo is a tree that produces edible fruits. These fruits are appreciated in local cuisine and are used in the preparation of traditional sweets and drinks.


The Tenerife plants and flora are a natural wonder that attracts nature lovers from all over the world. From the majestic Tajinastes to the ancient Canarian Dragon Trees, this island is a true botanical paradise and a must visit for nature lovers.

Be sure to explore and appreciate the diversity of the Tenerife plants and enjoy the unique beauty that this jewel of the Atlantic offers.